Visas are not required by nationals of the following countries:
Bahrain, Djibouti, Guinea, Jordan (if holding a passport valid for five years), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Libya, Malta, Qatar, Sultanate of Oman, United Arab Emirates, Yemen and Palestinians holding a residence card provided that their stay outside Egypt does not exceed six months.
Some nationalities can obtain a visa upon arrival in Egypt.
Health requirements:
Yellow fever and cholera immunization certificates are required for persons who have traveled or transited from infected areas within six days prior to arrival. These immunizations must be recorded in the International Certificate of Vaccination, the WHO card, issued by the World Health Organization. This document can be obtained from authorized doctors in most countries. Passengers without proper immunization papers are subject to 36-hour quarantine at Cairo International Airport.
Currency:
Egyptian Pound (EGP).
Notes in denominations of EGP 200,100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 1 pound, 50and 25 piasters.
Coins in denominations of one pound, 50, 25, 20, 10, and 5 piastres.
Approximate exchange rate:
UK Sterling1 = EGP8.30
EUR1 = EGP7.50
USD1 = EGP5.50
Please check rate of exchange prior to travel.
Banking hours - 0900 to 1400 hours, Sunday - Thursday.
US Dollars are accepted in many places, but it is advisable that visitors carry Egyptian Pounds with them as well. Currency exchange is available at most banks and hotels. Private exchange agencies are located in several downtown areas and in the suburbs. Cash is often required, so make sure you carry enough of it.
Major credit cards, like American Express, MasterCard and Visa are accepted by most hotels, restaurants, gift shops, car rental companies and large stores. Automated teller machines (ATMs) can be found at most banks in Cairo.
Travelers' cheques are accepted at tourist places and can be exchanged for cash at currency exchange dealerships.
Clothing:
Lightweight or tropical clothing is advisable during summer, with warmer clothes for winter and cooler evenings. Visitors can wear swimming costumes at the pool in Luxor and Cairo, and within the hotel area and beach in Sharm El Sheikh. Flat shoes are essential for sightseeing in Luxor.
Airport information:
Cairo - Cairo International Airport is located 24 kilometers north-east of Cairo. The
Customs:
The following goods are prohibited/restricted:
� Firearms and explosives
� Narcotic drugs, poisons, industrial and hazardous chemicals
� Pornography of any kind
� Raw cotton
You may be required to list expensive electronic equipment such as cameras, video cameras or computers in your passport to ensure that they can be exported upon departure.
Duty free allowance: 200 cigarettes or 25 cigars or 200 grams of tobacco; one liter of spirits; one liter of perfume or eau de cologne; and gifts up to the value of EGP500. Gold valued over EGP500 must be declared on arrival.
Driving license:
An International Driving Permit and passport are required when driving a car in Egypt. Speed limits are posted on major highways and are enforced by radars.
Emergency telephone numbers:
Ambulance - 123
Police - 122
Tourist Police - 126
Hours of work:
Government offices: 0900 to 1400 hours, Saturday - Wednesday, 0900 to 1300 hours, Thursday.
Private offices: 0900 to 1700 hours, Saturday - Thursday.
Shopping: 1000 to 2100 hours, Monday - Saturday. Many shops are also open on Sundays.

Public holidays (fixed):
1st January - New Year�s Day 
25th April - Sinai Day
1st May - Labour Day
18th June - Evacuation Day
23rd July - National Day
6th October - Armed Forces Day
23rd December - Victory Day
These are based on the Gregorian calendar.
Public holidays (changeable):
Eid Al Fitr
Sham El Nessim
Eid Al Adha
Islamic New Years Day
Prophets Birthday
These are based on the Islamic calendar (holidays move forward by 10 to 11 days each year).
Time zone:
GMT + 2 hours.
GMT + 3 hours (from the end of April to end of September).

Language
Arabic is the official language, although English and French are widely spoken.
Tipping:
In most of the restaurants frequented by tourists, a 10 percent service charge and a five per cent government tax are applied to the bill. However, you are expected to add a little extra as well, for example, small change in a coffee shop, or a few Egyptian Pounds in a top restaurant. Tipping in Egypt is called baksheesh, and because wages are quite low, it is a vital supplement to the income of workers. You will be expected to tip a small amount (EGP2) for each bag a porter carries, or for something as minor as having the door opened for you. You should offer to tip an attendant at a mosque (EGP1 would be appropriate). You may also hear requests for baksheesh from people who have performed no service - it is advisable to ignore them.
Dress code:
Visitors must bear in mind that Egypt is an Islamic country and appropriate dress is necessary. Visitors are requested to dress modestly - it is important to wear clothes that cover the body from shoulders to the knees. If you envisage attending a formal meeting, light formal attire is recommended.
Bikinis and swimming trunks are allowed on the beaches at the resorts. Official regulations strictly prohibit public nudity anywhere in Egypt. Most resorts do not allow swimwear inside the restaurants to avoid offending fellow holidaymakers. At the in-house bars or restaurants, casual cotton tropical attire is highly recommended.
Electricity:
220 - 240 volts, 50 cycles AC.
Safety tips:
Egypt has a low crime rate. However, it is advisable that valuables and passports are kept in safety deposit boxes provided in your hotel.